Letting You Know About Lung Cancer-The Orlando Times
BY DEVIN HEFLIN, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Black America remains disproportionately affected by Lung Cancer and remain the largest fatality group from the disease.
Black men were diagnosed thirty-percent higher than white men for lung cancer last year and is on pace to become the highest cancer killer of Black men this year. According to the American Cancer Society, Black men are less likely to smoke as many cigarettes as their white counterparts, yet are the highest diagnosed and the highest dead.
Research from the society has examined whether genetic factors play a role. Gene differences in African-Americans reveal that African-Americans metabolize nicotine differently, and thus may contribute to the formation of lung cancer.
Itís also been cited that industries that produce heavier air pollution (for example, factories, oil refineries, and chemical plants) are often located in African-American communities. Exposure to pollution from working in or living near these industries can increase a personís risk for lung cancer.
A person who smokes and is exposed to air pollution is at higher risk for lung cancer than a smoker who is not exposed to air pollution. People who are exposed to air pollution on the job are at especially high risk. The fact that these polluting industries are frequently located in African American communities and employ members of that community may also help to explain why African-Americans are disproportionately affected by lung cancer.
Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. About 85% of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma are all subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer.
Timeline of Lung Cancer history:
1878: Lung cancer defined as a distinct disease. Malignant lung tumors are only 1% of all cancers.
By 1918, the percentage rises to 10%
And by 1927: more than 14%.
1929: German physician Fritz Lickint first recognized the potential connection between smoking and lung cancer. This discovery led to a nationwide anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany.
1940: Lung cancer becomes second most frequent cause of cancer death, stomach cancer being #1
1954: The American Cancer Society links smoking and lung cancer.
1964: The U.S. Surgeon General report: says smoking cigarettes is cause of lung cancer and laryngeal cancer in men and a probable cause of lung cancer in women.
Modifying and avoiding risk factors
More than thirty percent of cancer deaths could be prevented by modifying or avoiding key risk factors, including tobacco use, being overweight or obese, unhealthy diet with low fruit and vegetable intake lack of physical activity, alcohol use and indoor smoke from household use of solid fuels.
Another study found that many patients with a certain type of lung cancer, for which surgical removal of part of the lung offers the best chance for a cure, did not get the proper surgery. Shockingly, only 62% of all patients who would have a good chance of the surgery helping them had the surgery.
When the researchers separated the results out by race, 66% of white patients who were appropriate candidates had the surgery while only 55% of African-American patients who were appropriate candidates had the surgery. While this is bad news for all patients with this type of lung cancer, it is worse news for African-Americans since they were substantially less likely than white patients to get the surgery.
New Cancer Cases per 100,000 Ė Men (2012)
Colon and Rectum